Milos Volcanic Field
island of Milos
is of almost entirely volcanic origin and whilst the last
magmatic activity lies about 90000 years in the past, there
are still signs of geothermal activity at the surface.
Numerous fantastically colourful landscapes have been formed
by volcanic activity and subsequent hydrothermal alteration
and further sculpted by erosion. At Paliohori, the cliffs
are colourful and fumarolic deposits can be seen at their
base. Sarakiniko on the other hand is famous for its white
erosionally sculpted tuff formations.
much of Milos, including
its highest mountain, Profitis Ilias, were formed in a
submarine environment and are now above the surface as a
result of tectonic processes which have uplifted most of the
terrain at the location of Milos
Milos is also highly interesting in that one can see the
variety of uses that volcanic products can be put to.
Obsidian was already collected in Milos thousands of years
ago, as was sulfur. More recently, mining on a larger
industrial scale was started. Remnants of the Cape Vani
Manganese mine and the fascinating Paliorema Sulfur works
can be visited. Whilst little but tunnels, gulleys and a few
simple buildings remain at Vani, in Paliorema the entire
processing machinery remains in place although the site is
Facility, Bentonite mine
The island is relatively small and
many of the roads are rough tracks, but even with a normal
car and careful driving it is possible to reach the most
remote areas. A sense of navigation is however useful
approaching Vani due to a lack of signposting in the network
of dirt roads.
The landscape is presently being
shaped by modern opencast mining of bentonite, perlite and
pozzalane. These volcanic products are exported and along
with the modest tourist industry on Milos are the main
sources of income for the local community. More information
can be obtained at the mining museum in Adamas.